NAVRATRI 2021 DATE, WHY IS NAVRATRI CELEBRATED, WHAT TO DO AND WHAT NOT TO DO DURING NAVRATRI
Navratri, depending on the region, celebrates the triumph of either Durga or Rama over an evil demon.
*AT FIRST GLANCE:
Navaratri is a Hindu festival spanning nine nights (and ten days) and is held in autumn each year. In various parts of the Indian cultural sphere, it is observed for different purposes and celebrated differently. Technically, there are four seasonal Navaratri. In practise, however, Sharada Navaratri, the post-monsoon autumn festival, is the most observed in praise of the divine feminine Devi (Durga). In the light half of Ashvin, the Hindu calendar month, usually occurs during the Gregorian months of September and October, this festival is celebrated.
Called even :Navratri, Nauratri, Navarathri, Navratan, Nauratan or Nauratan· Festivities : 10 days·
Observances : Prayers, plays, dramas, fasting, puja, imagine immersion or bonfire, stage setting· Starts :Ashvin Shukla Prathama The Prathama·
Terminates : Navami Ashvin Shukla· Date for 2020 : 17 Oct, Sat – 25 Oct, Sun·
The Frequency : Biannual intake· Linked with : Dussehra, Dashain.
*SIGNIFICANCE OF EACH DAY:
The festival is connected to the influential war between Durga and the demon Mahishasura and celebrates the triumph of Good over Evil.These nine days are devoted exclusively to the goddess Durga and her nine avatars-the Navadurga. Each day is associated with the goddess’ incarnation:·
As Pratipada, Shailaputri (literally ‘Daughter of the Mountain’), an embodiment of Parvati, is associated with this day. The Goddess is worshipped as Shiva’s wife in this form; she is represented as riding the bull, Nandi, with a trishula in her right hand and a lotus in her left.
Day 2 Brahmacharini
Day 3 Chandraghanta
Tritiya Commemorates Chandraghanta’s worship-the name derived from the fact that Parvati decorated her forehead with the ardhachandra after marrying Shiva (lit. half-moon). She is the embodiment of grace and symbolises courage as well.
Day 4-The Kushmanda
Day 5-The Skandamata
Day 6- Katyayani
KatyayaniShe is an incarnation of Durga, born to the sage Katyayana, and displays bravery symbolised by the colour Yellow. Known as the goddess of warriors, she is considered to be one of Devi’s most violent types.·
Day 7-The Kalaratri
Day 8-The Mahagauri
Day 9-The Sidhidatri
Throughout India, Navaratri is celebrated in various ways. Some fast, others feast. Some reverence the same Mother Goddess but various aspects of her while others reverence Vishnu’s avatars, particularly Rama. On the ninth day the Chaitra Navaratri culminates in Rama Navami, and in Durga Puja and Dussehra, the Sharada Navaratri culminates.
The Rama Navami recalls the birth of Rama, followed by nine days of Ramayana recital, particularly among the temples of Vaishnava. In the past, during the Chaitra Navaratri, Shakta Hindus used to recite Durga’s legends, but this practise has been declining around the spring equinox.
For most contemporary Hindus, the main festival and the one observed is the Navaratri around the autumn equinox. Outside of the eastern and northeastern states of India, Bengali Hindus and Shakta HindusIn the warrior goddess aspect of Devi, the word Navaratri implies Durga Puja.
The word Navaratri means anything else or celebration of the Hindu goddess in other Hindu rituals, but in its more peaceful forms, such as Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of wisdom, learning, music, and other arts. Navaratri, called Dasain in Nepal, is a big annual homecoming and family event celebrating the links between elders and young people with Tika Puja, as well as members of the family and society.
*CELEBRATION IN GUJARAT:
One of the state’s biggest festivals is Navaratri in Gujarat. Traditional celebrations include fasting for a day or partly for each of the nine days, in memory of one of the nine aspects of the Shakti goddess, such as not consuming grains or only taking liquid food. As a remembrance of the womb of the family and the world, the prayers are devoted to a symbolic clay pot called garbo. The clay pot is lit, and the one Atman is believed to reflect this (soul, self)
The garbo significance is celebrated by performance arts on all nine days in Gujarat and nearby Hindu communities such as in Malwa. The most noticeable is group dances from villages to towns called Garba accompanied by live orchestra, seasonal raga or devotional songs. It is a folk dance in which people of various backgrounds and abilities come together and form concentric circles.The circles may expand or shrink, reaching 100s in size, often thousands of people, dancing and clapping simultaneously in circular motions, in their traditional costumes.
Dandiyas (sticks), concerted gestures and striking of sticks between dancers, teasing between the sexes are often deployed in the garba dance. Post dancing, the group and the audience socialise and feast together The same thematic celebration on Navaratri is called garbi regionally for community songs, music and dances.
The Hindus who migrated to various plantations and mines around the world as servants during the colonial period, as well as those who migrated on their own, continued to mark their practises of Navaratri. Tamil Hindus, including Hindu temples founded in Southeast Asia in the 19th century in Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, Navratri has been one of their main traditional festivals. Navratri was one of the most visible local Hindu festivals from around the middle of the 20th century in Trinidad and the United Kingdom.
Chaitra Navratri Dates for New Delhi, India 2021 Navratri
Day 1 (Prathama) : Tuesday, April 13, 2021Navratri
Day 2 (Dvitiya) : Wednesday, April 14, 2021Navratri
Day 3 (Tritiya): Thursday, April 15, 2021Navratri
Day 4 (Chaturthi) : Friday, April 16, 2021Navratri
Day 5 (Panchami) : Saturday, April 17, 2021Navratri
Day6 (Shashti) : Sunday, April 18, 2021Navratri
Day 7 (Saptami): Monday, April 19, 2021Navratri
Day 8 (Ashtami) :Tuesday, April 20, 2021Navratri
Day 9 (Navami) : Wednesday, April 21, 2021
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