The Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), also referred to as Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) is Indian legislation enacted on August 25, 2005.
The MGNREGA provides a legal guarantee for 100 days of employment in every fiscal year to adult members of any rural household willing to try to public work-related unskilled manual work on the statutory wage.
The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Govt of India is monitoring the whole implementation of this scheme in association with state governments.
• This act was introduced with an aim of improving the purchasing power of the agricultural people, primarily semi or un-skilled work to people living below the poverty level in rural India. It attempts to bridge the gap between the rich and poor within the country. Roughly one-third of the stipulated manpower must be women.
• The work card contains the small print of adult members enrolled and his /her photo. The Registered person can submit an application for add writing (for a minimum of fourteen days of continuous work) either to Panchayat or to Programme Officer.
1.MGNREGA guarantees a hundred days of wage employment during a fiscal year, to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to try to unskilled manual work.
2.Individual beneficiary oriented works are often haunted on the cards of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, small or marginal farmers or beneficiaries of land reforms or beneficiaries under the Indira Awaas Yojana of the govt of India.
3.Within 15 days of submitting the appliance or from the day work is demanded, wage employment is going to be provided to the applicant.
4.Right to urge unemployment allowance just in case employment isn’t provided within fifteen days of submitting the appliance or from the date when work is sought.
5.Receipt of wages within fifteen days of labor done.
6. MGNREGA focuses on the economic and social empowerment of girls.
7. MGNREGA provides “Green” and “Decent” work.
8.Social Audit of MGNREGA works is mandatory, which lends to accountability and transparency.
9. MGNREGA works to address the global climate change vulnerability and protect the farmers from such risks and conserve natural resources.
10.The Gram Sabha is the principal forum for wage seekers to boost their voices and make demands.
Activities covered under MGNREGA
Permissible activities of Schedule-I of Gandhi NREGA are as under:
• Union Rural Development Ministry has notified works under MGNREGA, the majority of which are associated with agricultural and allied activities, besides the works which will facilitate rural sanitation projects during a major way.
• The works are divided into 10 broad categories like Watershed, Irrigation, and Flood management works, Agricultural and Livestock related works, Fisheries and works in coastal areas and therefore the Rural beverage and Sanitation related works.
• Briefing the MGNREGA 2.0 (the second generation reforms for the agricultural job scheme) the priority of the works is going to be decided by the Gram Panchayats in meetings of the Gram Sabhas and therefore the Ward Sabhas.
• Rural sanitation projects, as for the primary time toilet building, soak pits and solid and liquid waste management are included under MGNREGA. Though the general 60:40 ratio of labor and material component is going to be maintained at the Gram Panchayat level there’ll be some flexibility within the ratio surely works supported the sensible requirements.
• Construction of AWC building has been included as an approved activity under the MGNREG Act. Under MGNREGS, expenditure up to Rs.5 lakh per AWC building for construction is going to be allowed.
Process for Registration:
• The application for registration is often made at an area Gram Panchayat.
• You can register yourself via three different modes: via the prescribed form, on a clear paper or orally also.
• Prescribed forms are available at every Gram Panchayat for free of charge of cost. If anyone is charging money for prescribed forms, you’re not susceptible to pay it because it is against the law.
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Verification procedure of the appliance under NREGA:
• Verification of the forms is administered by the Gram Panchayat. The verification is completed on the idea of:
- Members of the household who have applied should be adults
- All the applicants should have an area domicile
- Any single women living alone are additionally eligible to use under this scheme.
- No discrimination policy is adhered to during the registration and verification process.