HAPPY MAKAR SANKRANTI, A festival day in the Hindu Calendar is dedicated to the deity of Surya (SUN). It is observed each and every year in the lunar month of Magha which corresponds to the month of January as per the Georgian calendar and is the day of people of India and Nepal for the celebration of their harvest. It also marks the first day of sun transit into Makar Rashi which is Capricorn which marks the end of the winter solstice and starts the emergence of longer days. It is one of the few ancient Indian and Nepali festivals which has been observed according to the solar cycles and while most festivals are set by the lunar cycle of the lunisolar Hindu calendar.
HAPPY MAKAR SANKRANTI, Being a festival that celebrates the cycle of solar almost always falls on the date 14th or 15th January 2021. The festivals associated with MAKAR SANKRANTI is known by several names such as Maghe Sankranti in Nepal, Magh Bihu in Assam, and Lohri in Punjab, Haryana and is a popular festival among Sikhs and Hindus, etc. Sankranti is observed with various social festivities such as colorful decorations, rural children going house to house and singing and asking for treats in some areas melas, fairs, dance, kite flying, bonfires, and feasts are organized. Many observers go to the sacred rivers, lakes and bathe in them as a ritual or ceremony and say thanks to the sun. Every twelve years, Hindus observe Makar Sankranti with one of the world’s largest mass pilgrimages with an estimate of over several people attending the event.
At the event prayer is offered to the sun and bathing is done in the River Yamuna and Ganga at Kumbh Mela a tradition attributed to the Adi Shankaracharya.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FESTIVAL MAKAR SANKRANTI
- It is one of the largely celebrated festivals of Hindus.
- It is celebrated in India and Nepal.
- Celebrated differently in various cultures.
- The common practice is there of flying kites.
- The festival is dedicated to the Hindu god Surya.
- The significance of the Surya can be traceable in Vedic texts.
- Gayatri Mantra is recited which is a sacred hymn of Hindus found in the scriptures named Rigveda.
- Makar Sankranti is considered to be important for spiritual practices.
- People take a dip in the holy water river of Yamuna, Ganga, Kaveri, Godavari, etc.
- The bathe is taken as a result of washing past sins.
- Pray to the sun is delivered for thanking for success and prosperity.
- Shared culture is found among the Hindus of Nepal and various parts of India.
- Sweets are made of sugar and jaggery.
WISHES OF SANKRANTI IN KANNADA
“Makara Sankrantige Habbada subhasayagalu” is the wishes granted in the Kannada language. It means sending Warm wishes to loved ones by wishing them with good thoughts of achieving success in life and spending the brightest of moments with family.
WISHES OF SANKRANTI IN TELUGU
Sanskrantiki Subhakansalu wishes in the Telugu language which means sending warm and good wishes to family members and friends. To enjoy the festival and kite flying event in it.
WISHES OF SANKRANTI IN ENGLISH
Happy Makar Sankranti with blessed good fortune, kindness, happiness on this special day of kite festival and a day full of blessings of Goddess Lakshmi and celebrate festivals with lots of sweets and gifts
In regard to this festival, in most parts of India, it is the part of the early stages of growing of rabi crops and sowing of them is over which indicates that hard work is almost over in the fields. The time also indicates the period for socializing and families enjoying the festival together. Makar Sankranti is an essential pan-Indian festival that is known by different names but observed on the same date. In Andhra Pradesh, it is called Pedda Panduga, in Maharashtra and Karnataka Makar Sankranti only, Pongal in Tamil Nadu, Bihu in Assam, etc.
Makar Sankranti has its own importance in India as it is celebrated in every state by different names. Kite flying event is common and people in India celebrate this festival with utmost joy and happiness. Sweets and gifts are distributed and time is spent with family and loved ones.
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