Baisakhi is a festival of spring harvest for Sikha and Hindus. It is usually celebrated on the 13th or 14 th every year. It marks the Sikh new year. It also commemorates the formation of Khalsa Panth warriors under the Guru Gobind Singh in the year 1699.
On the day of the festival, gurdwaras are decorated, kirtans are organized, Sikhs bathe and visit lakes or rivers before visiting the gurdwaras, community fairs, Nagar processions are held, people gather to socialize and share festive foods. For many Hindus, it is an occasion to bathe in sacred rivers such as Ganga, Jhelum, Kaveri, etc and visit temples, meet friends, and party over festive foods. Friends, relatives, and neighbors exchange gifts among themselves.
The tradition of Baisakhi started in the year 1699 when the panj piaras and lead religious processions are organized in the cities and provinces. Kar Sewa is a volunteer to help gurdwaras which are considered to be an important highlight of the day. This act is called an expression of modesty. In gurdwaras, recitation of some passages related to and from guru Granth sahib, kirtans, and some traditional songs.
Baisakhi also commemorates the harvest of rabi crops which is considered a significant event for farmers in the region. This festival is observed as a day of thanksgiving to the gods and natural elements that facilitates a bountiful harvest. Farmers visit temples and gurdwaras on the day of the festival. Baisakhi fairs, bhangras, and gidda dance performances are held which are common on the day of the festival in Punjab.
In the year 2022, Baisakhi falls on 14th April, day Thursday. The celebration will include attending the prayer at the gurdwara, holy books are given bathe with water and milk, the book is read out, holy nectar is distributed among the devotees, according to the tradition, devotees sip Amrit five times in a row, In the afternoon, sweet semolina is prepared and offered to the guru for the blessings and at last arrangement for langar is done.
The Baisakhi is celebrated on 13th April in the year 2020. The festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm for marking the beginning of new spring and is celebrated in most parts of India as a new year by Hindus. The festival also signifies the end of the harvest season in India which marks the time of prosperity in the lives of farmers. The festival is called as pohela boishakh in West Bengal, Bohag Bihu in Assam, Bihu in Uttarakhand, Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
Baisakhi is also known as Vaisakhi and is a festival of tremendous joy and celebration. The Sikhs celebrate the festival by bathing in the holy river and visiting the gurdwaras. A special celebration is held at Talwandi sabo where guru Gobind Singh recompiled the sacred Granth sahib. Farmers thank god for a good harvest and pray for prosperity in the coming years.
The new dress is worn by men and women which is picked in the most lively, dynamic to reflect the atmosphere of happiness. Traditional Punjabi attire for men with turban which is worn with kurta, waistcoat, and lungi while the women wear the customary garments of the salwar kameez with most festive jewelry. The multi-colored attire reflects the bubbly and perky nature of Punjabi the way of living. Multiple food stalls are set up for keeping the people refreshed and energized during the festival of Baisakhi.
SOME MORE FESTIVALS CELEBRATED IN INDIA
Navratri festival is celebrated in India which is a nine days festival which is dedicated to the supreme goddess Durga. Durga puja is held and people wish for good health, prosperity, compassion, and wisdom. Among 5 Navratri there is Sharad Navratri which will be celebrated from 7 to 15 October in the year 2021. This Navratri is celebrated with great pomp and show by Hindus. This festival holds great significance in the life of Hindus as it marks the victory of good over evil.
Holi is considered to be a festival of colors that falls on the pratipada during the dark half of Chaitra month as per the Hindu calendar. Hoil festival also marks the arrival of the spring season through the inspiration from colors. In the year 2021, holi will be celebrated o 29th march and will fall on Purnima of Falgun month as per the Hindu calendar.
MAKAR SAKRANTI 2021
Makar sankranti usually falls on 14th January in the year 2021. Makar Sankranti is based on solar calendar. The festival is celebrated to mark the movement of sun in the Capricorn or maker sign. The festival of maker sankranti has immense religious, cultural significance. Makar sankranti is celebrated on the conscious of the triumph of Lord Vishnu over the Asuras. The fresh harvest of the season and all those who worked for a fruitful harvest is acknowledged.
The bihu festival celebrated on 13th April in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh. Public holiday is there and there is new year celebration and arrival of spring season and sowing festival. Bihu festival is centred around sowing of rice and agriculture and meant to honour Lord Krishna.
The festival of punjab which is celebrated on 13th january every year. The festival marks the harvesting time of rabi crops which are usually winter crops. The people of Punjab celebrates the harvesting of sugarcane through this festival.
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